envious


envious
envious, jealous, though not close synonyms, are comparable because both carry as their basic meaning that of grudging another's possession of something desirable.
Envious stresses a coveting of something (as riches, possessions, or attainments) which belongs to another or of something (as success or good fortune) which has come to another. It may imply either a gnawing, often a malicious, desire to deprive one of what gives him gratification, or a spiteful delight in his dispossession or loss of it
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still in thy right hand carry gentle peace, to silence envious tongues— Shak.

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some envious hand has sprinkled ashes just to spoil our slide— Field

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Frequently, however, the stress is on coveting rather than on a desire to injure
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we are all envious of your good fortune

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tried to look disappointed and angry but . . . only succeeded in looking enviousHervey Allen

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Jealous often stresses intolerance of a rival for the possession of a thing which one regards as peculiarly one's own or on the winning of which one has set one's heart, but sometimes it merely implies intensely zealous efforts to keep or maintain what one possesses. The term often is used without derogation
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thou shalt have no other gods before me ... for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God— Exod 20:3-5

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proud of their calling, conscious of their duty, and jealous of their honor— Galsworthy

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However the term usually carries a strong implication of distrust, suspicion, enviousness, or sometimes anger
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a jealous wife

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he was jealous of Carson's fame as an Indian fighter— Gather

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stabbed by a jealous lover

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Analogous words: *covetous, grasping, greedy: grudging, coveting, envying (see COVET): malign, malignant, spiteful, Malicious, malevolent
Contrasted words: generous, *liberal, bountiful, openhanded: kindly, *kind, benign, benignant

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Envious — En vi*ous, a. [OF. envios, F. envieux, fr. L. invidiosus, fr. invidia envy. See {Envy}, and cf. {Invidious}.] 1. Malignant; mischievous; spiteful. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Each envious brier his weary legs doth scratch. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • envious — c.1300, from Anglo Fr. envious, O.Fr. envieus (13c.), earlier envidius (12c., Mod.Fr. envieux), from L. invidiosus full of envy (Cf. Sp. envidioso, It. invidioso, Port. invejoso), from invidia (see ENVY (Cf. envy)). Related: Enviously; …   Etymology dictionary

  • envious — index jealous, resentful Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • envious — [adj] jealous, resentful appetent, aspiring, begrudging, coveting, covetous, craving, desiring, desirous, distrustful, fain, grasping, greedy, green eyed*, green with envy*, grudging, hankering, invidious, jaundiced, longing for, malicious,… …   New thesaurus

  • envious — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ feeling or showing envy. DERIVATIVES enviously adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • envious — [en′vē əs] adj. [ME < OFr envieus < L invidiosus < invidia, ENVY] 1. characterized by envy; feeling, showing, or resulting from envy 2. Obs. a) emulous b) enviable enviously adv. enviousness n …   English World dictionary

  • envious — [[t]e̱nviəs[/t]] ADJ GRADED: oft ADJ of n If you are envious of someone, you want something that they have. I don t think I m envious of your success... Do I sound envious? I pity them, actually. ...envious thoughts. Derived words: enviously ADV… …   English dictionary

  • envious — adj. VERBS ▪ appear, be, feel, look, seem, sound ▪ She tried not to appear envious. ▪ become …   Collocations dictionary

  • envious — en|vi|ous [ˈenviəs] adj wanting something that someone else has →↑jealous envious of ▪ Colleagues were envious of her success. ▪ envious looks >enviously adv …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • envious — en|vi|ous [ enviəs ] adjective unhappy because you want very much to do something that someone else does or have something that they have: He saw their envious glances and felt distinctly uncomfortable. envious of: He was envious of the local… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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